And that is one of the most critical problems that we face in America today. They made cotton King, they built the homes of their masters in the midst of the most humiliating and oppressive conditions and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to grow and develop and if the inexpressible cruelties of slavery couldn't stop us, the opposition that we now face including the white backlash will surely fail. "You shall reap what you sow." It is the time is neutral. There are those who would estimate that these persons, who are called the Discouraged Persons, these 6 or 7% in the Negro community, that means that unemployment among Negroes may well be 16%. And what is it America has failed to hear? Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his speech in opposition to the Vietnam War, calling for a “revolution of values.”. I need not pause to say how very delighted I … And we will never solve the problem of racism until there is a recognition of the fact that racism still stands at the center of so much of our nation and we must see racism for what it is. That war has torn up the Geneva accord, it has strengthened, it has substituted. I think the war in Viet Nam hurt civil rights much more than my taking a stand against the war. Vanity asks the question is it popular? Expediency asks the question is it politics? He was one of the great tragedies of history. Just follow. And it has failed to hear that large segments of white society are more concerned about tranquility and the status quo than about justice and humanity. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It is much easier to integrate a public park than it is to make genuine, quality, integrated education a reality. Among Negro youth in some of our larger urban areas it goes to 30 and 40%. And until it is removed, there will be people walking the streets of live and living in their humble dwellings feeling that they are nobody, feeling that they have no dignity and feeling that they are not respected. Today we're spending almost thirty-five billion dollars a year to fight what I consider an unjust, ill-considered, evil, costly, unwinnable war at Viet Nam. Ye shall know the truth and the truth shall set you free. We started dramatizing the issue of the denial of the right to vote and I submit to you that three months later as a result of that Selma movement, the same President who said to me that we could not get a voting rights bill in that session of Congress was on the television singing through a speaking voice "we shall overcome" and calling for the passage of a voting rights bill and I could go on and on to show. But after saying that, let me point out the other side. Probably the most critical problem in the other America is the economic problem. And I would like to talk for the next few minutes about some of the things that must be done if we are to solve this problem. One was the education bill and something else. In this other America, thousands and thousands of people, men in particular walk the streets in search for jobs that do not exist. And I use this title because there are literally two Americas. Well that appears to me to be a kind of socialism for the rich and rugged hard individualistic capitalism for the poor. There's legislation in Congress right now dealing with the whole question of housing and equal administration of justice and these things are very important for I submit to you tonight that there is no more dangerous development in our nation than the constant building up of predominantly negro central cities ringed by white suburbs. I'm not a consensus leader and I do not determine what is right and wrong by looking at the budget of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference or by kind of taking a look at a gallop poll and getting the expression of the majority opinion. In this other America, thousands of young people are deprived of an opportunity to get an adequate education. One is the myth of time. I'm going to finish my speech. It didn’t. . And I would be the first to say that I am still committed to militant, powerful, massive, non-violence as the most potent weapon in grappling with the problem from a direct action point of view. It’s much easier to guarantee the right to vote than it is to guarantee the right to live in sanitary, decent housing conditions. And then when we look at it even deeper than this, it becomes more ironic. But I must say that the war in Viet Nam is playing havoc with our Domestic destinies. It is not enough for me to stand before you tonight and condemn riots. As long as justice is postponed we always stand on the verge of these darker nights of social disruption. Most of the poverty stricken people of America are persons who are working every day and they end up getting part-time wages for full-time work. I'm absolutely convinced that a riot merely intensifies the fears of the white community while relieving the guilt. And we must see racism for what it is. And so I want to use as a title for my lecture tonight, "The Other America." If somebody goes wrong in the family, we don't call him a white sheep we call him a black sheep. Visit and bookmark the Rosa Parks Biography website. I feel like opposing it for many reasons. A non-academic, popular historiography that challenges educators to revamp curriculum to include a fuller, more critical history of the Civil Rights era. I said it doesn't help him to be told that and then I went on to say to this gentlemen that he failed to recognize that no other ethnic group has been enslaved on American soil. Dr. Martin Luther King’s “The Other America” And how it informs Advancement Project National Office’s fight for justice Rev. .yes we do need each other, the black man needs the white man to save him from his fear and the white man needs the black man to free him from his guilt. Now certainly it's very important for people to engage in self-help programs and do all they can to lift themselves by their own bootstraps. Parks described the Detroit she moved to in 1957 as the “Northern promised land that wasn’t” and spent the next four decades challenging the segregation and inequality endemic to the city. They’ve lost hope. And just go down the line. Whether we like it or not culturally and otherwise, every white person is a little bit negro and every negro is a little bit white. In this other America, millions of people are forced to live in vermin-filled, distressing housing conditions where they do not have the privilege of having wall-to-wall carpeting, but all too often, they end up with wall-to-wall rats and roaches. Not only was the color a stigma, but even linguistic then stigmatic conspired against the black man so that his color was thought of as something very evil. The conscience asks the question is it right? .and we did get a voting rights bill in that session of Congress. Yet this part of their history is repeatedly ignored. What always bothers me is that the long hot summer has always been preceded by a long cold winter. Dramatic reading of Dr. Martin Luther King’s “Beyond Vietnam” (1967) speech by Michael Ealy. Now I'm not talking against that at all. It’s something that is often overlooked, but Negroes generally live in worse slums today than 20 or 25 years ago. This other America has a daily ugliness about it that transforms the buoyancy of hope into the fatigue of despair. It is always a very rich and rewarding experience when I can take a brief break from the day-to-day demands of our struggle for freedom and human dignity and discuss the issues involved in that struggle with concerned people of good will all over our nation and all over the world, and I certainly want to express my deep personal appreciation to you for inviting me to occupy this significant platform. In the final analysis, racism is evil because its ultimate logic is genocide. Dr. Harry Meserve, Bishop Emrich, my dear friend Congressman Conyers, ladies and gentlemen. This America is the habitat of millions of people who have food and material necessities for their bodies, culture and education for their minds, freedom and human dignity for their spirits. And if you'll just be nice and patient and continue to pray, in a hundred or two hundred years the problem will work itself out. Text of speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on the Vietnam War, followed by three teaching ideas. But there is another America. And so while legislation may not change the hearts of men, it does change the habits of men when it's vigorously enforced and when you change the habits of people pretty soon attitudes begin to be changed and people begin to see that they can do things that fears caused them to feel that they could never do. This has caused a great deal of bitterness. And I say that there's a need still for strong civil rights legislation in various areas. And he goes on toward the end to say, "any man's death diminishes me because I'm involved in mankind. They’ve come to feel that life is a long and desolate corridor for them with no Exit sign, and so they no longer go to look for a job. But he was very honest. And I’m convinced that many of the very people who supported us in the struggle in the South are not willing to go all the way now. Dr. Harry Meserve, Bishop Emrich, my dear friend Congressman Conyers, ladies and gentlemen. cannot be divided. And what is it America has failed to hear? Speaker: Ladies and gentlemen, my name is Joseph McLawtern, communications technician, U.S. Navy, United States of America and I fought for freedom I didn't fight for communism, traitors and I didn't fight to be sold down the drain. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It is the notion that only time can solve the problem of racial injustice. Yet that scaffold sways the future. The other thing is, that I have been working too long and too hard now against segregated public accommodations to end up at this stage of my life segregating my moral concern. We talked about a lot of things and we finally got to the point of talking about voting rights. But these are the persons who are in the labor. Now I wanted to say something about the fact that we have lived over these last two or three summers with agony and we have seen our cities going up in flames. Somewhere we must come to see that human progress never rolls in on the wheels of inevitability, it comes through the tireless efforts and the persistent work of dedicated individuals who are willing to be co-workers with God and without this hard work time itself becomes an ally of the primitive forces of social stagnation. You go right down that list. If you open Roget's Thesaurus and notice the synonym for black you'll find about a hundred and twenty and most of them represent something dirty, smut, degrading, low, and when you turn to the synonym for white, about one hundred and thirty, all of them represent something high, pure, chaste. Secondly, we've got to get rid of two or three myths that still pervade our nation. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. And I came to see that so many people who supported morally and even financially what we were doing in Birmingham and Selma, were really outraged against the extremist behavior of Bull Connor and Jim Clark toward Negroes, rather than believing in genuine equality for Negroes. Now however unpleasant that sounds, it is the truth. “Many things were gained as a result of these years of struggle. I still believe that non-violence is the most potent weapon available to the negro in his struggle for justice and freedom in the U.S.